CBT is a type of psychotherapy that has been studied and proven effective for decades. Children with anxiety, including intense fears/phobias, or mood challenges such as depression can benefit from CBT. There are some programs that have been specifically developed for youth with anxiety, depression, anger, and youth that may have overlapping symptoms of anxiety, depression, or trauma-related symptoms. CBT involves a combination of cognitive and behavioral strategies to address the presenting concerns.
What Happens in CBT?
CBT involves direct instruction about feelings, thoughts, and behaviors. Generally speaking, this type of therapy requires metacognition - "thinking about thinking." Children can learn how to identify triggers for unpleasant feelings and the thoughts and behaviors that are related to the trigger. Children can also learn to identify and challenge their own thoughts and engage in adaptive coping strategies such as deep breathing, positive self-talk, or distraction to reduce the impact of unpleasant situations.
A trained child therapist will use direct instruction, modeling, role-play, interactive activities/games, stories, pictures, and videos to teach the cognitive and behavioral concepts. The therapist may also use rewards and involve parents to motivate the child to practice the skills they have learned. Ideally, the children will learn how to reward themselves for engaging in positive coping strategies.
Who Participates in CBT?
Individual CBT is likely to be most successful with children who have a developmental level of at least 8 years old. CBT can be adapted for children with high functioning autism spectrum disorder, mild intellectual delays, and attention challenges.
A psychologist at ABA Connect can provide this treatment. Contact us and we can help you determine an appropriate intervention for you and your child. If your child is not ready for individual psychotherapy but has difficulties with emotion or behavior regulation, behavioral parent training or Parent-Child Interaction Therapy with a psychologist at ABA Connect may be a good option.