Schools of Behaviorism

Methodological Behaviorism S-O-R Stimulus organism variable response Occurs in response to stimuli in the physical environment as mediated through presumed internal processes according to an S-O-R model of psychology.  Methodological behaviorists…

3 Ways to Measure Time

Latency:  The time from the presentation of a stimulus to the start of the behavior Duration:  The time from the start of a behavior to the completion of the behavior. Also called temporal extent. Inter Response Time: Time from the…

Interval Recording

Time Sampling: Refers to a variety of methods to record behavior at specific moments.  One divides the observation period into intervals and then record either the presence or absence of a behavior within or at the end of the interval. Partial…

Standard Celeration Charts

The standard celeration chart is a method of charting and analyzing changes over time.  Ogden Lindsely invented this charting technique in the 1960s.  The are 4 different types of charts which scale across the horizontal axis.  There is the…

Response-Deprivation Hypothesis

The term “response-deprivation hypothesis” refers to a model for predicting whether or not one behavior will function as a reinforcement for another behavior. Restricting access to the one behavior would create a state of deprivation for…
matching to sample aba

Matching-to-Sample and Stimulus Equivalence

Matching to Sample in ABA refers to a procedure where a stimulus is presented and taught to match a secondary stimulus (such as the word "car" and a picture of a car).  When the two stimulus are correctly matched, a reinforcer is given to increase…
Attitudes of Science

Attitudes of Science

ABA is a science of behavior and scientists have a set of "attitudes" that follow: Determinism Scientists presume that the world is a lawful place where events occur because of other events that present in the environment.  Things do not…

Intervention Recommendation Overload?

Our present interconnected world offers so many sources that individuals often feel as if they are suffering from intervention recommendation overload. When feeling overwhelmed by intervention recommendation overload, how can you sift through…

Behavioral Contrast

Behavioral contrast occurs in a multiple schedule of reinforcement or punishment and describes what happens when a change in the schedule of one part of the reinforcement or punishment changes a behavior in an opposite direction in the other…

Echoics, Mands, Tacts

The Echoic is a verbal operant that is present when a person verbally repeats what another person says.  Echoic is a point-to-point correspondence meaning that the verbal stimulus and response products match in entirety. Motor imitation is…

7 Dimensions of ABA

G-E-T A C-A-B Generality is that the behavior carries over into other contexts other than just the training environment. Behavior change proves durable over time, appears in a wide variety of environments, or spreads to a wide variety of related…

Reassuring Children about School Safety

It is difficult to shield our children from incessant media coverage increasing their risk of experiencing secondary trauma. Our data-streaming world assures that our kids are well-aware of the most recent school shooting incident. So, how can…