Token Economy

Response Cost: Is a negative punishment that involves taking back tokens that have been earned.  It can be thought of as a fine for unwanted behavior which, hopefully, creates a decrease in the future possibility of this behavior occurring. A…

Baseline Logic

Baseline logic looks at 3 dimensions of single-case design.  These are : prediction, verification and replication. Prediction: What do you think will happen in the future Verification: Showing that the dependent variables (DVs) would not change…

Types of ABA Study Designs

Multiple baseline across participants is done by having multiple participants in the study and staggering when the intervention is applied.  At first baseline data is taken on all participants, and then participants are given treatment over…

Behavior Intervention Plan (BIP)

Selecting interventions is based on: what a behavioral assessment deems to be the problem behavior and its function as determined by data analysis what the client needs in terms of a replacement behavior the social significance of the…

Errorless Learning

Errorless learning is based on the idea that if a student is successful and has more opportunities to be successful and receive reinforcement, they are more likely to exhibit correct behaviors in the future.  Skinner said "Errors are not necessary…

Behavioral Cusp

Cusp behaviors are chosen as goals when possible.  They are behaviors that significantly expand a client's repertoire to new settings, new contingencies and new stimulus controls.  Learning to read is a cusp behavior that gains access to a…

Self-management Programs

Effective self-management programs utilize the individuals ability to set criteria for reinforcement.  This is in Chapter 27 of Cooper.  Going public with one's desire to change (to recruit support) and the ability to evaluate and redesign…

6 Advantages to Graphic Displays of Data

Cooper, Heron and Heward (2007) outline 6 advantages to graphic displays of behavior data: Provide an immediate visual record of data allow the ability to explore behavioral variations of data in realtime serve as judgement aides that…

Punishment Procedures

Punishment procedures, in applied behavior analysis (ABA), refers to a consequence that is applied to a behavior that has the effect of reducing the future occurrence of that behavior. Response cost: Is a punishment procedure where something…

Behavioral Definition

3 characteristics of a good behavioral definition are: Objective - referring only to observable characteristics Clear - unambiguous Complete - setting boundaries, what is to be included and what is to be excluded

3 Dimensions of a Single-case Study Design

Prediction, verification and replication. Prediction involves anticipating what you think will happen in the future.  Verification is showing that dependent variables (DVs) would not change without intervention (independent variables: IVs). …

Task Analysis and Chaining

A task analysis is an intervention which links a series of behaviors to create a more complex behavior chain.  Constructing the intervention chain must be done BEFORE the intervention begins.  One should also use the client's repertoire for…